India is a South Asian country with diverse terrain from Himalayan peaks to Indian Ocean coastline and history reaching back 5 millennia. In the north, Mughal Empire landmarks include Delhi’s Red Fort complex and massive Jama Masjid mosque and Agra’s iconic Taj Mahal mausoleum. Pilgrims bathe in the Ganges, Varanasi, and Rishikesh is a yoga center and base for Himalayan trekking. Its area is 3.287 million sq. km and recorded population in 2017 were 1.339 billion.